Tibetan Mastiff dog breed characteristics and facts

Tibetan Mastiff dog breed characteristics and facts


Purebred Dogs


2 feet to 2 feet, 2 inches tall at the shoulder


75 to 160 pounds


10 to 14 years

In Tibet centuries ago, Tibetan Mastiffs were a primitive breed. They were traditionally used for the protection of cattle and livestock in the harsh living conditions of the Himalayas. Currently, the large dogs are still fulfilling their ancestral duties as protectors. Moreover, they have been accommodated without difficulty to family members and are cherished loved ones. Previously they were the dairy keepers and protector of the only farmers living in the area. Presently, they are among the highest dog that the world would want to be among the most expensive dog in the world.

Although they are tall, these puppies truly have golden hearts, especially when it comes to their humans. Tibetan Mastiffs are famously devoted and loving to their owners. They usually live with their family and have a built-in guardian instinct, which means they can be wary of strangers. Still, if you are presented by someone they know and trust, this big boy beast will be so friendly to show that its size matches only with its heart full of love for their family of origin.

Tibetan Mastiff Facts

  • Origin: Tibet
  • Size: Giant
  • Breed group: Working
  • Lifespan: 10-14 years
  • Coat: Thick double coat
  • Temperament: Protective, loyal and independent
  • Exercise needs: Moderate
  • Training needs: Challenging
  • Health concerns: Elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, eye problems, and allergies

Tibetan Mastiff Overview

Tibetan Mastiff is a must-keep dog; they are large, spectacular dogs with a long beautiful coat that will not go unnoticed in any company. The Tibetan Mastiff is affectionate, loyal, and will establish a powerful bond with its family, but only experienced dog breeders should get Tibetan Mastiff. These are free-thinking dogs that rarely listen to humans and will not perform well in obedience or agility trials. Although they are relatively quiet, they will bark outside at night if left outside. Fences do not contain, as they will quickly climb the fence. They may not get along with young children or with people who come to you frequently. They must be socialized early, and they should be exposed to a variety of people. Owning a Tibetan Mastiff can be one of the best experiences, but is it really for you.

Tibetan Mastiff Highlights

Impressive Size: Tibetan Mastiffs are quite large. Males often grow up to 90 to 160 pounds, and females are slightly less, but they, too, are still big. Therefore, one of the deterrent factors can be its size since many intimidators will think twice before attacking a house where lives such a pet.

Loyal Guardians: A sense of protection inherent in many breeds, but I believe that this is their quality. These dogs are ideal for a family with children, but only because they require proper training. At the same time, the instinct to protect the family will never change.

Low Shedding: Tibetan Mastiffs do well in apartments if they have access to a small yard. Attributes include: Hybrid Tibetan Mastiff loves to play Low shedding. They have a double coat, and while they have a shedding season, they do not need excessive grooming.

Quiet Watchdogs: They are vigilant so they bark to warn you, especially at night. During the day, they are less loud, making them ideal for residential settings.

Early Socialization: It is essential to engage in early socialization with Tibetan Mastiffs that occurs gradually and continuously. This is the only way your dog will be well-adjusted around other dogs as well as people. Such unique trait ensures a Tibetan Mastiff can easily distinguish between a threat and non-threat, which is vital to their breed.

Exercise and Stimulation: Most large dog breeds require regular exercise and stimulation to stave off behavioral issues prompted by boredom. Both physical and mental die are highly recommended in the latter.

Tibetan Mastiff History

Surely, Tibetan Mastiff comes from Tibet. He does not have much history before the late 19th century as many other dogs. However, it is believed that Tibetan Mastiff is more than one century old. According to DNA evidence, mastiff-type canines were bred in Tibet for 5,000 years. Tibetan Mastiff was bred in two moldings. One of them is the Do-khyi, who lived near the village or accompanied the shepherds, leading a nomadic lifestyle. They helped their owners protect the flock. The other kind is the Tsang-Khyi. It was taken to lamaseries, where dogs guarded Tibetan Buddhist monks, also called lamas. There is almost no information about Tibetan Mastiff before the 19th century. In 1800, the captain Samuel Turner reported the use of “huge dogs” in his book An Account of an Embassy to the Court of the Teshoo Lama in Tibet, but did not describe their appearance. The first dog from Tibet was brought to England in 1847. Lord Hardinge, the Governor-General of India gave this dog to the Queen Victoria. In 1873, the British Kennel Club was founded and adopted the Stud Book. Tibetan Mastiff, for which a page was created in the book, has since been officially known as the St. Bernard, not the “large dog from Tibet.”

Meanwhile, in 1874, the Prince of Wales, who eventually began reigning as King Edward VII, imported two more Tibetan Mastiffs and showed them in 1875 at the Alexandra Palace Show. Afterward, Tibetan Mastiffs continued to be imported occasionally into England and Europe, and not until 1931 was the first Tibetan Mastiff breed club in that country formed. World War II stopped breeding in its tracks, and it was not until 1976 that English breeders became active again in importing the dogs. That situation was true in the United States too. Two Tibetan Mastiffs were presented to the President of the United States in the late 1950s, but when they were taken to the farm, they were never seen again. It was not until 1970 that several more Tibetan Mastiff were imported here and were instantly the foundation dogs of the United States line. On January 1, 2007, the American Kennel Club first accepted the Tibetan Mastiff as a member of the Working Group.

Tibetan Mastiff Size

Size A male Tibetan Mastiff stands 26 inches tall at the shoulder and weighs 100 to 160 or more pounds; female Tibetan Mastiffs are 24 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh 75 to 125 pounds.

Tibetan Mastiff Personality

It’s independent and self-willed, and the term “challenging” denotes him quite frequently. He’s clever and self-confident and believes he is everyone’s equal, not everyone’s pet. He desires nothing more than to please his people. Yet he also has his plans and activities, and they must be restated for him regularly..The loyal dog known as the Tibetan Mastiff is a devoted and loving family guardian. He is also aloof or distant with strangers.         . The true aloofness of Tibetan Mastiffs is that the conscientious breed comes from their early seventies.. While it is not easy due to his puppykind, a puppy class can be very costly.达, taking him to large events, ensuring he meets people you encounter’s often and bringing him to the shops and on leisurely walks.

Tibetan Mastiff Health

Tibetan Mastiffs are one of the healthy breeds, but, like any other dog breeds, they are also exposed to some health conditions. Before adopting this breed, it is important to know about these normal diseases which may or may not occur in all TMs:

  • Canine Hip Dysplasia (CHD)
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Panosteitis
  • Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD)
  • Canine Inherited Demyelinative Neuropathy (CIDN)
  • Hypothyroidism

Tibetan Mastiff Care

The Tibetan Mastiff is a companion dog. A small yard or dog run won’t do. His heavy coat makes him unsuitable for life in a hot, humid climate, although he can bear dry heat. During hot weather, Tibetan Mastiff should always have access to shade. Master’s exercise requirements can be met with 20 to 30 minutes of playing in the yard or a half-hour walk. He’ll have even more fun if he has another dog to rough and tumble with, preferably around his size. Tibetan Mastiff puppies grow more quickly than many other breeds, but they’re not fully developed until they’re a year old.

Do not let your puppy do any set of exercises to get orthopedic issues, either limiting exercise to free play in the yard or avoiding long walks, only until your puppy is a year old. Start training your Tibetan Mastiff puppy the day you bring him home. They are smart and fast learners, but disobedience and stubbornness make them less sensitive to formal and strict obedience training. Try to stay calm and strong and take constructive criticism to ensure the best relationship with your Tibetan Mastiff. Always educate yourself for actions you can incentivize rather than punish him for his mistake. Regular training and interaction ensure you and your puppy get along well and stably. A bored or lonely Tibetan Mastiff can create problems and can be noisier and more destructive than you can imagine.

The Tibetan Mastiff house trains quickly. During the times you are not around to watch, crate training can help the housetraining run faster and prevent your puppy from chewing on things he shouldn’t or going where he shouldn’t. It also gives him a secure place to go when he’s drained or wants to retreat from the commotion. A crate should never be utilized as a penalty. His leash training is imperative, especially when he is 160 pounds or more and willing to drag you where he wants to go. Walking with the Tibetan Mastiffs is strictly forbidden, and ideal leash behavior is critical to the health of your muscles and the joy of your life.

Seventy-nine “Socialize” Tibetan Mastiffs are essential. They may not only exhibit an excessive attitude toward other dogs, but they may also become excessively cautious of their house and their family. “Puppy socialization” courses are a good place to start but do not stop at that. Take several visits to different dog-friendly stores, playgrounds, and activities. At various times, ask separate persons to your house and let them in, and let your Tibetan Mastiff see that people may arrive on your home and his sanctuary. With the proper training and socialization, your Tibetan Mastiff may become an excellent family member who protects you and cares for you.

Tibetan Mastiff Grooming And Coat Color

The Tibetan Mastiff has a double coat consisting of a long, thick, harsh-textured topcoat and a dense, soft, woolly undercoat. The undercoat is less during summer. The hair is straight and hard; it is never curly, wavy, or silky. The neck and shoulders have a heavy mane, and the tail and britches have a heavy coat and feathering. The males have more coat than the female counterparts including a denser mane around the neck and shoulder. Their coat is black, brown, gold, and blue with or without tan on the nose above and around the eyes, on the side of the muzzle, on the throat, and on the lower part of the front forelegs and hind leg, at the back above the tail, the breeches, and the underside of the tail. Their chest and feet are also white. These dogs have an undercoat with shades that are lighter in colour to the dominant one in the sable or grey and tan colour on the black and tan dog. The remaining colours are penalized in the show ring but do not affect the dog’s suitability as a watchdog or companion.

Tibetan Mastiffs shed little, although they may or may not shed seasonally depending on the climate in which they live. To remove dead or loose hair, brush one to three times a week with a wire slicker brush. Tangles and mats should be avoided in the thickly coated mane, breeches, and fan. Bathe as necessary; however, the breed has little odor and rarely needs more than one per month. Other grooming needs include dental hygiene and nail care. Two or three times/week can be reduced by daily brushing.

Cut his nails every few weeks or so, or as required. They’re too long if you can hear them clicking on the ground. Short nails on the feet keep the feet in good condition and prevent them from snagging on the carpet and tearing. You should cut your dog’s toenails if the feet need to be cleaned again. This is when the toenails ought to be cut. Remove the ears’ insides once a week to check for residual dirt, infection, or swelling. You should clean your dog’s ears with a cotton ball soaked in an ear cleanser suggested by the dog’s breeder or veterinarian.. There should be no cotton left in the ear after cleaning the outer flap of the inside ear canal.

To get your Tibetan Mastiff to being brushed and examined when he is a dog and start handling his feet frequently since dogs are touchy about their feet — and look inside his mouth and ears. Make grooming a positive experience that is full of praise and rewards; you will be laying the groundwork for easy veterinary exams and other handling when he is an adult.

Tibetan Mastiff Children And Other Pets

The Tibetan Mastiff is an appropriate dog for families with older children. But, however gentle he may be with them, this is a massive dog who doesn’t know his power. He would never mean to hurt a toddler, but the risks are too high that he might knock him over or step on him by mistake. The children must never be permitted to run and scream in front of him. The Tibetan Mastiff is likely to find noise and roughhousing exciting, and he is much too large to be permitted to “recede ” the kids to provoke them or play unwisely. He may also believe it’s his responsibility to defend “his” children from strangers if they’re fighting or roughhousing. Always supervise any visit between dogs and small children to prevent any biting or ear or tail pulling on the part of either party. Always teach your child how to approach and touch dogs and how to always make sure to keep children under control. Never approach the dog while he is sleeping or eating or approach the dog’s food. No dog should be left in a room in the presence of children. Python Mastiffs get along great with other dogs and cats when they’re raised with them. They may require more of an adjustment to welcome another dog following growing up.