Rottweiler dog breed characteristics and facts

Rottweiler dog breed characteristics and facts


Purebred Dogs


22 to 27 inches tall at the shoulder


85 to 130 pounds


8 to 11 years

Rottweilers are large dogs with a strong build. This “noble creature”, as is often called its loyal owners, originates from the town of Rottweil in Germany. However, the history of the breed goes back even further in time, and more precisely to the time when the Roman Empire existed, where these dogs were engaged in the herding and guarding of the herd. Now Rottweilers are famous for their versatility and are excellent working dogs. They are used as security officers in airports, police officers, and rescuers – in other words, they are also used as service animals. It is important to remember that Rottweilers are not the same. In addition to the American, German, and Roman, there are long-haired Rottweilers, which have a beautiful and absolutely non-standard coat. Naturally, long-haired Rotties are also black and tan.

Rottweilers are calm but confident beings hidden under their intimidating watchdog exteriors. They are loving and protective, particularly when socialized and given proper training from a young age. Due to their loyalty and protectiveness, they develop natural guarding tendencies toward their home and family. Even though they might seem aloof to outsiders, a Rottweiler is genuinely fun-loving and enjoys precious moments with their humans. They require extensive training, early socialization, and regular exercise to positively direct their intelligence and power.

Rottweiler Facts

  • Origin: Germany
  • Size: Large
  • Breed Group: Working
  • Lifespan: 8 to 10 years
  • Coat: short, dense, and double-coated fur
  • Temperament: Loyal, confidence, and a protective nature
  • Exercise Needs: Regular exercise
  • Training: Early socialization and obedience training required.
  • Grooming: Minimal grooming requirenment
  • Health: Hip and elbow dysplasia, heart problems, and specific cancers

Why are Rottweilers so special?

They are unique dogs! Their highly versatile personalities burst even through an imposing, but noble exterior. They can be entirely fierce protectors or those gentle guardians of the family, comedians, friends, courageous athlete, or hero! Their ability to adapt to any role they need to play makes Rottweilers a unique breed, whether they are  therapy dogs or a family’s best friends!

Rottweiler Overview

Chapter 1:The Rottweiler *- Strong and true with a loving heart, much like the mythical Greek hero Hercules. Lovingly known as Rotties or Rotts, the breed hailing from Germany was bred for driving cattle and pulling cartloads of meat to butchers. Hence the broad chest and heavily muscled body, which reflects his heritage and hints at his capacity for hard work. The movement is not just powerful; it’s easy, fluid, and his eyes appear warm, dark brown, and in friendly and mischievous smirks.

A certain Rottweiler is a quiet, confident animal. He’s frequently not overtly welcoming to people, yet he’s never worried or anxious. When confronted with other people and circumstances, most Rottweilers give off a reserved sensation and watch about. When these characteristics mix as they should, the purebred Rottweiler is a docile pet and at the same time a guard dog who is so successful in police, military, and customs efforts as well as a protector and friend of the family. However, Rotties have a strong natural desire to protect their family. If properly channeled, they can be ferocious protectors. Support their robust strength and strength by: Early socialization firm, fair, consistent training and leadership.

If friendly behavior is not fostered in the breed from their puppyhood, Rottweilers become what they should not be – a dangerous bully instead of a companionable protector. Intense protectiveness is what Rottweilers lean towards if they’re not specifically bred for a calm, thinking demeanor and well socialized.

That may seem like what you want, but a Rottie who cannot differentiate one thing from another is a hazard to everyone he meets, not just the bad people. You must be able to lead your Rottweiler in a way that instills trust and regard and that is not fueled by wrath or physicality. Otherwise, he will assert himself as top dog. This is an accident waiting to happen with a dog as strong and intelligent as the Rottweiler. Despite common perceptions, Rottweilers are not temperamentally faulty or naturally hostile. Rotties that are healthy and well-raised and trained are responsive, gentle, and affectionate.

Rottweilers train easily and are pleasant to be around. But Fantastic Rottweilers as they are, they are not the ideal companions for everybody. You will not only have to devote time to training and mingling your Rottie, but you will also have to put up with individuals who do not comprehend the breed and have prejudged it. Some cities have prohibited Rottweilers and other large breeds due to their negative or catastrophic experiences. It is unfair to condemn an entire breed of dogs because of the acts of a few, but it is a fact with which you will have to come to term if you want a Rottweiler. You help restore the breed’s poor reputation by teaching your Rottweiler to follow and obey people. Most of all, do not assume that your Rottie will find a spot to stay in your yard. He is a dog that is devoted to his person and wants to walk with him. Unless you grant him the leadership and organization that he requires, you will acquire one of the great companions in life.

Rottweiler Highlights

Rottweilers are big, strong dogs that need a lot of socialization and training that starts when they’re puppies. Even if you follow thorough training, your well-trained Rottweiler will be assumed to come back to an advance judgment about your dog and potentially spun out accusations to the occupants and his or her actions or indications.

The fact that there is a current bias against dogs like Rottweilers, with arguments that they are dangerous, it involves an added risk of you needing over-priced liability insurance to keep it for a pet, depending upon whether local statutes allow it. In certain jurisdictions, you can’t possess a Rottweiler or may have to dispose of any you do possess.

Rottweilers want to be with people and love their families. They may become destructive if they are left alone for long periods of time or are not exercised. Well-bred Rotties raised with children are excellent. They should be taught what is proper and suitable behavior to play with them. “Herding” is a martingale’s natural instinct; they see it as pushing a toddler with their side like he would a calf, causing the child to fall and injure himself.

Moreover, the Rottweiler often has a strong hunting instinct, and he can also “get impudently” when children run and play. Never leave your Rottweiler alone with a child and don’t let them play even in the same room without adult supervision. With a new adult animal, and especially a dog, introduce very carefully. Our hero usually does not love strange dogs, especially the same sex. But if you show him what is what, he will calm down.

Rottweilers are intelligent and able to be taught, but only if you are disciplined and consistent. Rottweilers will test you to confirm you match your words of action. For example, be clear and do not offer any way out for them to use. Rottweilers need two or more 10- to 20 minutes walks or playtimes each day. They have a double coat that sheds very heavily in springs and fall and moderately the rest of the year. Most Rottweilers snore!

If left to their own devices, Rotties may overeat, leading to weight gain. Don’t purchase a puppy if you want a sound dog from an irresponsible breeder, a puppy mill, or a pet shop. You can find a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to ensure they don’t pass on genetic diseases to the puppies and that they have extensive temperaments.

Rottweiler History

Rottweilers are descended from the mastiff-type dog Molossus, whose big canines marched towards Germany with the Romans, driving the cattle that sustained them while they conquered the known world. The basque demonstrated with the lengthy stride of the big dogs, savaged them with the ones native to the parts they marched through, and laid the foundation of new breeds as the army traveled.

The Romans began setting up colonies. One of the places they passed was southern Germany, where the climate and the nature of the soil were perfect for agriculture. The Romans used the best of what they had in the land and instead built roofed villas with a special red tile. After more than six centuries, the town’s residents dug the red-tailed villa, while building a new church.

This discovery led to a new title for the town: das Rote Wil , meaning the red tile. Rottweilers became a thriving market for cattle over time, often known as the German counterpart of a Texas cowtown, and the Roman Molossus’ descendants drove cattle to its market location for colduse. After selling their livestock, these cattle haulers put their loaded purses around their necks when they returned home to keep their money secure from criminals. Butchers living there have traditionally utilized the dogs to drag carts containing fresh meat.

The cattle drives ended with the arrival of rail transport. The Rottweiler was nearly wiped out. In 1882 at a dog show in Heilbronn, Germany, only one scrappy-looking Rottweiler was shown. Things started to look up in 1901 when the Rottweiler and Leonberger Club was formed and the breed’s first standard was written. The Rottweiler’s description of appearance and character has barely changed since then. Rottweilers were employed in police work, which was a perfect match for them. Over the years, many Rottweiler breed clubs have been formed, but only one has been truly sustainable: The Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub was established in 1921. Since World War II, the ADRK has managed to survive and carry on good breeding in Germany and across the globe.

Finally, it is working in preserving the working ability of the Rottweiler. The first Rottweiler is believed to have come to the U.S. with a German emigrant in the late 1920s. The first litter was whelped in 1930, and the first dog registration by the American Kennel club was Stina v Felsenmeer in 1931. After the war, the breed’s popularity started growing. At that moment, the breed was highly respected for its excellent obedience. The breed’s most popularity high was recorded in the 1990s. More than 100,000 Rottwielers were registered with the American Kennel Club at the time Weed Petscort.

Popularity isn’t always a positive trait for a dog. Breeders who are unethical or a puppy mill can capitalize on the dog’s appearance to produce just as many puppies as possible, without consideration of health or temperament issues. That’s exactly what occurred to Rottweilers until their favorable press and demand diminished at the end. This provides an unprecedented opportunity for dedicated, reputable breeders to reclaim the dignity of the breed and secure Rottweilers’ future as the sort of dog they were intended to be. Today, Rottweilers are ranked 17th out of the 155 breeds and varieties recorded by the AKC.

Rottweiler Size

Males typically are 24 to 27 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh 95 to 130 pounds. Females typically are 22 to 25 inches tall.

Rottweiler Personality

The good Rottweiler is calm, confident, and courageous, never shy. He is self-assuredly aloof and consistent, and he does not befriend everyone he meets immediately. With new people or new situations, he approaches everything with a wait-and-see attitude. He is affectionate with and frequently follows his family members. This is not a highly excitable dog. He naturally wants to look after its family and property, but unless provoked, it should never be aggressive towards the people.

This breed is intelligent and versatile, with a remarkable work ethic. With the sexes there will be some distinction. Males are observant if still, they are silent too, rating the hazard of all who enter their area. Females may be simpler to regulate, a little more loving, but with less influence. Both are quickly trainable but may be difficult. Rottweilers need continuous, solid, and mild long lasting correction. A hard word may be sufficient to punish, but just if you have previously confirmed the manifestation of somebody with the appropriate abilities; otherwise, he will aspire to frighten or delude you.

It is not a dog for wimps or anyone too busy to properly train and socialize. The Rottweiler requires a firm but fair hand. Respect is not something freely given; it is something that must be earned. Temper is also influenced by the environment: training, socialization, and genes. He must be amenable to new ideas. They are frequently eager and fun, approachable and tolerant, and available for leniency and cuddling. It is not the pup whacking to sibs or the former stuck in a hole in a corner.

Always meet at least one of the parents and most of the time is the mother who’s available to make sure they have a nice temperament with generally nice temperaments that meet your standards. Meeting siblings or other relatives of the parents is also handy for evaluating what a puppy will be like when he grows up. Rottweilers need early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when they’re still young. Socialization helps ensure that your Rottweiler puppy grows up to become a well-adjusted dog. Enroll him in a puppy kindergarten class is a great beginning. Invite visitors to show up on a regular basis, and let him take him to busy parks, stores that allow dogs, and on calm walks to meet new people.

Rottweiler Health

Rottweilers are generally healthy, but all breeds are susceptible to certain diseases. Not all Rotties will get all of these diseases, but knowing them makes buying this breed worth considering. And remember, if you want to buy a puppy , choose a good breeder who will provide you health clearances for both your puppy’s parents. Clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular disease.

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Elbow Dyplasia
  • Aortic Stenosis/Sub-aortic Stenosis (AS/SAS)
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Gastric Dilatation-volvulus (GDV), also called Bloat or Torsion
  • Panosteitis (Pano)
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Allergies
    • Rottweiler Care

      Rottweilers should live in the house with their people. If he is left alone in the yard for too long, he can become bored, destructive, and aggressive. Rottweilers are inactive indoors, despite their size. A Rottweiler is a homebody, but he needs a fenced yard, not just to keep him from traffic but also because he can be aggressive to strange dogs and people coming onto his property.

      If your Rottie really wants to get out, an underground electronic fence cannot keep it within your yard. Equally as concerning, it does not prevent people or other animals from coming to your property. Always put an alert that warns strangers and non-family members not to come to your compound unaccompanied. Whatever your house has to disgusting energizing. The Rottweiler’s activity level ranges from couch potato to whirlwind. Let the breeder know what activity level works best for you, so that she can help you choose the best puppy for your situation. Most Rotts are satisfied with a walk daily and a playtime in the courtyard.

      They also love to fetch balls and go backpacking. More athletic Rotties will require more extended period and structured things to do. Their athleticism, intelligence, and trainability allow them to compete in agility and obedience, as well as endurance, therapy activities, and their traditional job, in which they pull a cart. Excellent for celebrations! Always remember, phoning. When it comes to Rottweiler education, consider this: your Rottweiler gets bored. He is keen to learn new things and to make you glad. Sometimes, he’ll be stubborn “Prove to me why I need to do this” attitude. Be rational and regular, stay calm, and strong, and your Rottweiler will amaze you with his keen ability to learn. A systematic schedule, a lack of possibilities to encounter any frequently used incidents in the building, and confidence can prompt quick work.

      Rottweiler Grooming and Coat Color

      Short, straight, and coarse, the Rottweilers’ double coat is the standard for medium-length coats. The outer coat is a medium length and is shorter on the head, ears, and legs; the undercoat is mainly on the neck and thighs. The Undercoat of your Rottie depends on the climate in which he lives. A Rottweiler is always black with markings that are rust to mahogany in color. Such markings appear over the eyes, on the cheeks, on each side of the muzzle, on the chest and legs, and beneath the tail.

      Tan lines should be noted; they appear as pencil marks on the toes. To remove dead hair and spread skin oils, brush your Rottie once a week with a firm bristle brush. He sheds twice a year; during this time, you will likely want to brush your Rottie more frequently to keep the drifting hair under control. Bathe him whenever it’s necessary. If you can’t comfortably bathe him outside without a long-sleeved shirt or jacket on, it’s too cold for your Rottie to be being given a bath. * To get rid of tartar buildup and the bacteria it contains, brush your Rottie’s teeth at a minimum of two or three times per week. If you could do it every day, that would be even better. Lowering tartar has the potential to avoid gum disease and terrible breath.

      Accustom your Rottweiler to being brushed and examined as a puppy. Handle his paws regularly — dogs are touchy about their feet — and looks inside his mouth and ears. Hence, make grooming a positive experience for your Rottweiler’s filled with praise and rewards and help him get accustomed to being inside vet specialists and other handling as an adult.

      Rottweiler Children And Other Pets

      Rottweilers generally enjoy kids, especially if raised with them. When they play with children, particularly softly, they must be watched. Because they are sizable and powerful, a Rottweiler may tip over a youngster accidentally with a push, as she has the inclination to lean and push given her cattle-driving background.

      They are most likely to be happiest in a home with older children who have been trained to interact with puppies. Whenever playgrounds are in action, keep your Rottie under supervision. Loud, high-tension play between children might upset a Rottie who will intervene to discontinue it if he believes “his” children are in danger, not realizing that it’s just a game.rn Running children are also very likely to be chased by him, frequently nipping them to “herd” them. Furthermore, always teach youngsters how to approach and touch dogs, as well as continually supervise any encounters between dogs and kids to avoid biting or ear or tail pulling on either end.

      However, don’t teach your child to approach any dog while he’s sleeping or eating or try to take the dog’s food. No dog should ever be left unsupervised with a child Pedigree dogs ; dog park ; The Rottweiler loves other dogs raised with them and cats. They may have problems with other dogs or adult dogs are brought with the dog, as they have a high intolerance of the same gender.. If you have your dog next to your dog, should accept animals perfectly. Aggression, however, belligerence – keep your leashed Rottie in public to prevent dogs or belligerents at other dogs. The Rottie is not the best candidate for visiting off-leash dog parks.