Golden Retriever dog breed characteristics and facts

Golden Retriever dog breed characteristics and facts


Purebred Dogs


21 to 24 inches tall at the shoulder


55 to 75 pounds


10 to 12 years

Golden Retriever is one of most popular dog breeds in world. Its sociability and friendship make the breed a wonderful family companion, whether for an individual or a family. On the other hand, they are smart, seem to be good working dogs, and often serve as an emotional support pet or service dog. High intelligence also means they learn fast. A Golden can perform complicated commands effortlessly and are primarily intended for solving numerous tasks. This breed is also emotional and is a marvel of emotional intelligence.

When you’re burning to ask “Are Golden Retrievers high maintenance?” the quick answer is yes. Due to high grooming needs and high energy level Golden Retrievers considered high maintenance. Their beautiful coat needs regular grooming.

Golden Retriever Facts

  • Origin: Scotland
  • Size: 25-34 kg for females and 29-34 kg for males.
  • Lifespan: 10-12 years
  • Coat: Dense, water-repellent double coat that is usually golden in color.
  • Temperament: Friendly, intelligent, and devoted dogs
  • Exercise Needs: Moderate to high exercise requirements
  • Training: Highly trainable
  • Grooming: Requires regular brushing
  • Health: Golden Retrievers can be prone to certain health issues, including cancer, heart conditions and hip and elbow dysplasia.

Is the Golden Retriever a high-maintenance dog?

Golden Retrievers are low-maintenance. Golden Retriever still need regular grooming, exercise, and regular attention. Their double coats shed moderately all year round and heavily twice a year, so they need to be brushed often to prevent mats and tangles. Additionally, Golden Retrievers are active and have a social lifestyle; they should be put to revolve every day. This is to prevent from getting bored, which can subsequently result in trouble.

Golden Retriever Overview

No wonder the Golden Retriever is the top ten most popular dog in the world. Golden Retriever is smart, sociable, beautiful, loyal and pretty lively. The Golden is a slow developer when it comes to a dog, and it has a puppy’s sense of humor until the age of about three to four.

Golden Retriever needs daily physical activities too, as they were originally bred for the difficult work of retrieving ducks and other fowl for hunters. A walk or jog, free time in the yard, a run at the beach or lake, These are some basic exercises Golden Retriever love. Like other intelligent breeds Golden Retriever bred to work, They always need some job to do, such as waking up family members, competing in dog sports, or retrieving the paper.

In addition to providing your Golden Retriever with regular physical and mental exercise, you must be willing to fit them into your family life. The Golden is a family dog who needs to be with his “pack”. Do not consider obtaining a Golden Retriever unless you want to hang out with him at home. There is one more possible disadvantage to the breed: they’re not watchdogs. They could possibly bark when strangers come around, but you can’t rely on it. More typically, he’ll tail wag and flash that trademark Golden smile.

Golden Retriever Highlights

Friendly and Gentle: Simultaneously, Golden Retrievers are said to be one of the friendliest and most gentle dogs. They are kind, loving animals that usually get well with both kids and other companions.

Intelligent and Trainable: Golden Retrievers are smart dogs with a strong desire to please people. They are relatively simple to prepare and do well in many dog sports and tasks due to their ability to be easily adapted to new environments.

Beautiful Coat : Customarily, Golden Retrievers are described by their beautiful, flowing dual coat of various shades of gold that is water-repellant and designed to hold them protected in their water.

Playful and Energetic: Additionally, Golden Retrievers are one of the most playful and excited breeds. These dogs require a lot of playground, and they enjoy games such as fetch and swimming.

Loyal and Devoted : Golden Retrievers are highly attached dogs that create strong characters with their forces.

Versatile Companionship : They confront many environments as Goldens getting to singles, children, seniors, and even friends, as Golden Retrievers function as relaxation dogs in hospitals and nursing towers.

Community Involvement: Due to their friendliness and steadiness, golden are used as quest and protect animals and in comfort stations as work animals.

Shedding: However, their dual coat is lovely; Golden Retrievers secrete considerable hair. They need daily cleaning to control losing.

Golden Retriever History

Golden Retriever were bred from Russian sheepdogs bought in a circus. Although, the breed process took place in Scotland on the highland estate of Sir Dudley Majoribanks, the man himself was also known as Lord Tweedmouth. Similar to other men of his estate, Tweedmouth bred various animals, hunting for perfection in livestock.

Tweedmouth’s breeding records from 1835 to 1890 show what he was aiming for with the Golden: A talented retriever — Tweedmouth was an ardent waterfowl hunter — with a superb nose, who would be more attentive to his human hunting companion than the setters and spaniels used at the time for retrieving. He also wanted the dog to be loyal and even-tempered in the home. Tweedmouth took Nous home to Scotland, and in 1868 and 1871, bred him to Belle, a Tweed Water Spaniel.

Tweedmouth’s breeding records from 1835 to 1890 indicate what he was trying to achieve with the Golden’s character: A good retriever - Tweedmouth, an ardent waterfowl hunter - with a stunning nose, who would be human hunting companion. He also wanted even tempered and loyal homely dog. Tweedmouth bred Nous to Belle in Scotland in 1868 and 1871, a Tweed Water Spaniel.

Tweed Water Spaniel was an eager retriever in the hunting field, and exceptionally calm and loyal in the home. Descendants of Nousand Belle’s bred with Wavy- and Flat-coated retrievers, another Tweed Water Spaniel, and a red setter.

Most of the yellow puppies were retained by Tweedmouth, and some given to friends and family from Tweedmouth. Tweedmouth’s breed was, of course, first recognised for its capabilities in the hunting field. One of Tweedmouth’s most renowned descendants, the liver-coated Don of Gerwyn, won the International Gundog League trial in 1904. The Kennel Club recognised the Golden Retriever as a breed on its own in 1911 in England. At the time the Golden Retriever was classified as “Retriever — Yellow or Golden”. And officially renamed as “Golden Retriever in 1920”. The breed was also recognised by the American kennel club in 1982. The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular pet dogs in the United States today.

Golden Retriever Personality

Golden Retriever is a calm and sweet dog breed. Most Golden Retriever always eager to make you happy. However, all breeds must learn early socialization and recieve training and to be raised in a good and positive environment to allow their good habits to develop to the fullest potential. Early socialization — exposure to many different people, sounds, occurrences, and contact when they are still a puppy — aids in the development of a well-rounded individual.

Golden Retriever Health

Golden Retriever breed dogs are generally healthy, but still they’re prone to some conditions and diseases:

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Elbow Dysplasia
  • Cataracts
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
  • Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
  • Osteochondrosis Dissecans (OCD)
  • Allergies
  • Von Willebrand’s Disease
  • Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus
  • Epilepsy
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hemangiosarcoma
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Portosystemic Shunt (PSS)

Golden Retriever Care

Golden retrievers are designed for action and revel in outside romps. Hiking or running with your Golden will be sufficient. Tossing a ball in the yard at the same time as they retrieve it; after all, they are referred to as Goldens for a reason. Play it out in 20-30 minutes of energetic exercise two times a day, and your dog will feel comfortable being inside with you. Skidding on the exercises, on the other hand, can result in behavioral difficulties.

Golden Retriever are naturally “mouthy.” They love to carry in their mouth such as a ball, a soft toy, newspaper and best of all, a smelly sock. If you’re raising a Golden Retriever puppy, you’ll need to use extra caution. Some dogs, especially the short-coated breeds, grow very quickly when they are four to seven months old, making them vulnerable to bone disorders. Don’t let your Golden puppy run and play on hard surfaces like roads until he’s at least two years old and his joints are well-formed. Normal play on grass is acceptable.

Golden Retriever Grooming and Coat Color

Golden Retrievers have a thick, water-repellent outer coat. They have thick undercoat as well. The coat length largely depends on the coat, which can be wavy or straight. The fur feathers on the front of the legs, the chest, the thighs’ back, and the underbody. Golden Retrievers are all shades of gold. They can be light or dark gold.

Some breeders sell “rare white Golden Retriever,” but the American Kennel Club does not accept white as a coat color for either breed. Golden Retrievers shed reasonably in the winter and summer and greatly in the spring and fall. Considering a Golden pet will mean being comfy with a particular extent of dog hair in your place and on your attire. These darling pups got thick coats, and that follows mean plenty of grooming. You should brush your Golden almost every day to prevent tangling; this implies that once every week is the barest minimum. Your Golden also needs a bath once every month atleast, often even further, to keep him gazing and scenting spick and span.

Your Golden’s teeth should be brushed at least two or three times a week to remove tartar and the bacteria that lurk inside it. Daily brushing is even better if you want it to avoid gum disease and bad breath. Nails should be trimmed once or twice a month if you hear your Golden’s nails clicking on the floor, they’re too long.

The nails should be trimmed short and neat, as long nails can cause foot discomfort if they become too long nails have blood vessels in them, and if you cut too far you can cause bleeding – and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out. Therefore, if you do not have experience in cutting dog nails, ask the vet or groomer for the first time. Ears: Fold-over ears create a very warm, dark place where bacteria or fungus can grow and are extremely dependent to ear infections. They have to be checked weekly for redness or a bad odor, which may indicate an infection. If your dog becomes wet, even more, frequently.

When checking your dog’s ears, use a cotton ball on a damp with gentle, pH – balanced ear cleaner to help prevent infections. No nothing into the ear canal, just clean. Also, start accustoming your Golden to being combed at tapped at when he is a baby. Handle his paws periodically – dogs can find about their feet – and check his mouth. Do grooming a more benefit, and you will finish cleaning visits to the vet when he is an adult. If you commonly checked weekly, search for sores, a rash, or symptoms of an inflammation such as redness, weakness, or swelling in the skin, in the nose, mouth, and eyes, and on the legs. Your eyes should be noticeably clean with no redness or relief. Your watchful weekly exam will enable you to discover a health condition earlier.

Golden Retriever Children And Other Pets

The amiable Golden Retriever is completely stable in the noise and commotion made by kids — in reality, he thrives on it. But he might inadvertently hit over a small child. As every breed, you must educate your children to approach and touch dogs, and you must always supervise children and dogs for their own safety. Don’t stray them, whether it appears the dog enjoys it. This tail pulling can result in a snapped nose or tail back. The amiable Golden Retriever is completely stable in the noise and commotion made by kids — in reality, he thrives on it. But he might inadvertently hit over a small child. As every breed, you must educate your children to approach and touch dogs, and you must always supervise children and dogs for their own safety. Don’t stray them, whether it appears the dog enjoys it. This tail pulling can result in a snapped nose or tail back.