Border Collie dog breed characteristics and facts

Border Collie dog breed characteristics and facts


Herding Dogs


18 to 22 inches tall at the shoulder


30 to 45 pounds


12 to 15 years

The Border Collie dog breed was bred to control sheep in the hilly border vales hilly border country between Scotland and England. Their powerful stare, or “eye,” will control their flock. They’re dogs of limitless energy, stamina, and working capacity. Some of this makes them the quintessential herding dog. Farmers and ranchers still employ Border Collies to herd sheep around the world today.

Being highly trainable and incredibly smart , the Border Collie will perform well in a variety of canine sports. This may range from obedience and flyball competitions to  agility, tracking, and flying disc competitions. These dogs also make wonderful family animals when they are given a lot — a lot! — of physical and mental activity.

Border Collie Facts

  • Origin: United Kingdom
  • Size: 18-22 inches
  • Breed group: Herding
  • Lifespan: 12-15 years
  • Coat: Medium length, can be smooth or rough
  • Temperament: Intelligent, energetic, and hardworking
  • Exercise needs: High
  • Training: Easy to train
  • Health: Generally healthy, but can be prone to some health i, such as hip dysplasia and collie eye anomaly.

Border Collie Overview

If you’ve ever watched a brilliant Border Collie herd sheep, you know you are witnessing a true genius at work: his concentrated stare as he creeps near the flock, his immediate and intuitive response to the shepherd’s whispered commands, his deftness in guiding the sheep exactly where the shepherd wants them. This is recessing! A medium-sized dog weighing 30 to 45 pounds. This relentless dynamo worked all day in the hills and valleys of the harsh Scottish boondocks, traversing 50 miles or more every day. As far as the perfect working dog is concerned, the competition doesn’t stand a chance. If the Border Collie has a dark side due to his energy and workaholism, it is his horrific upbringing in a family that does not comprehend him. He is not a gentle, couch-hugging dog.

The Border Collie is a herding dog. That implies he has an overpowering urge to accumulate a herd. That herd might include sheep, children, cats, squirrels, vehicles, or anything else that moves. You can’t teach the instinct to bite, nudge, and bark; you can just focus it instead. Whether what you assign him is really herding sheep or participating in dog sports doesn’t matter. The Border Collie requires more movement than just a brisk stroll or a game of fetch every day. Finally, with the correct owner, a Border Collie is a delightful dog to live with. His intelligence and tractability make schooled obedience quick and easy. He’s receptive to the point of feeling feelings and—according to those who know him best—he has the astonishing capacity to detect what you’ll request before you even request it. When he’s been conscientiously nurtured and educated from a puppy, he can acclimate to almost any living circumstance that allows the mental and physical activity he craves.

The Border Collie is a good fit for an owner who’s as hyperactive as he is, particularly one that’s excited to take part in dog sports. With proper teaching these puppies succeed in any exercise they engage in, whether it’s sheepdog tests, agility, flyball, frisbee, competitive obedience or freestyle obedience, tracking. The dedicated owner or family who will invest the necessary effort in socializing and training will discover a kindred spirit in this brilliant, sensitive breed.

Border Collie Highlights

Medium-sized dog: Border Collies are a medium-sized breed. Border Collie usually grow from 18 to 22 inches in height and weigh between 30 and 45 pounds.

High energy: Border Collies are among the very high-energy breeds and require an adequate amount of exercise. They require at least 2 hours of intense physical activity daily that can take the shape of running, hiking, or fetch playing.

Intelligent and easy to train: Border Collies are also important for their intelligence and trainability. The breed is highly intelligent and can quickly master new abilities.

Herding instincts: Border Collies have herding fantasy that originates from its earlier sheep herding roles. They may attempt to shepherd other animals like cats and children.

Loyal and affectionate: Border Collies are affectionate and devoted dogs. They are good family pets and children-play pals. Finally, Border Collies have several grooming maintenance.

Grooming needs: Border Collies have a medium-length coat that may require regular attention. Hence, brushing them at least once every week can help remove dead hair and avoid matting.

Border Collie History

Since humans first domesticated dogs and began using them to guard and herd sheep in what is now Britain, the ancestors of Border Collies have been around. At one time, the best working dogs were bred with each other, and in the border country between Scotland and England, the herding dog grew to be one of the most important assets a shepherd might have. Depending on the terrain or the work required, they varied in type from one region to the next. These herding dogs quickly gained the reputations of their localities and were referred to as Welsh Sheepdogs, Northern Sheepdogs, Highland Collies, and Scotch Collies, among other names. The Border Collie gets its name from Scotland: the term collie, which means sheepdog, comes from Scottish dialect. Scotch sheep Dogs were exhibited in 1860 at the second dog show in England’s history.

A short time later, during a visit to Balmoral, Queen Victoria saw one of the dogs and became enthralled with the breed. Carlow R.J. Lloyd Price is credited with initiating sheepdog trialing.. ‘ In 1876, he turned 100 wild Welsh sheep loose at the Alexandra Palace in London. An article in the Livestock Journal recounts the astonishment of the onlookers at the acute ability in the dogs, who received no help from their handlers other than gestures and a whistle. Today, the Border Collie is a well-known sheepherding breed. The breed’s efficiency in herding has prompted many breeders to exercise caution to work the dog in working, not confirmation, quality. On October 1, 1995 Border Collie was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club.

Border Collie Size

Males Border Collie stand 19 to 22 inches tall. Females Border Collie stand 18 to 21 inches.

Border Collie Personality

Put simply, the Border Collie is a dynamo. His personality is typically alert, busy, hardworking, and intelligent. He learns swiftly — so swift, in fact, that it multiples might be tough to keep him occupied. This breed needs to be throughout. In reality, he must be; otherwise, he becomes tired, allowing him to exhibit destructive manners such as barking , excavation moving cars. He’s Not still to lay on the entrance porch while you rejuvenate in a pitcher of lemonade; he craves frequent active. After all, he was bred to function and sprint all shift grazing the grazing.

The Border Collie is also famous for being highly. But, of course, the Border Collie is not perfect. The breed can be a free thinker and an independent operator, and his compulsion to herd and to be busy can spill over destructively. In the absence of livestock that needs assistance or things to herd, he is likely to collect children, vehicles, or pets and chase after them. Additionally, he might become fearful or shy if he is not sufficiently socialized as a puppy and young adult. Socialization, puppy training classes, and frequent contact with a lot of different individuals will improve the temperament making them mentally stable.

Border Collie Health

Border Collies are generally healthy. If you’re buying a Border Collie puppy, find a good breeder who will show you health clearances for both your puppy’s parents. There are certain health issues below you need to be aware of.

  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
  • Epilepsy
  • Collie Eye Anomaly
  • Allergies
  • Osteochondrosis Dissecans (OCD)

Border Collie Care

The highly adaptable Border Collie is; however, at his finest when permitted to use; some go out of his city condo balcony with firm walls, down-country farm or farm trekking farm. His inclination to congregate and persecute means he also requires being defended from his dull desire to attack and overrun these people with cars.

No matter where he lives, he demands a lot of mental and physical exertion every day, and he must have an owner that will devote a lot of time and effort to meeting those demands. That’s a lot to put on random dog fanciers. Before you get a Border Collie, make sure you can give him the right opportunity for his abundant energy and acumen. If you don’t have a farm with sheep, try exercising them instead.

Border Collie Grooming and Coat Color

The Border breed’s Collie coat comes in two varieties: rough and smooth. Both are double coats. The coat is medium length with feathering on the chest, legs, and underside. The smooth variety is short all over, longer on the legs), with minimal feathering. His most common coat color is black with a white blaze on his face, neck, and feet; white legs; a white tip on his tail. His neck chest, legs, and tail tip are white. The Border Collie may be of any bicolor, tricolor, merle, or solid color. A Border Collie coat is not kept in pristine condition, as this breed is destined to become dirty. Regular care for such a coat will be optimal. To remove excess dead hair and help him warm up faster during shedding season, I recommend brushing his coat once a week.

Bathe only as needed – about every four months, or when he’s really dirty or smells terrible. Brush your Border Collie’s teeth twice a week to remove tartar buildup and the bacteria that lurk inside it. Trim his nails once a month if your dog does not wear them down naturally, and check his ears once a week for dirt, redness, or a bad odor that can indicate an infection. After that, wipe them with a clean cloth every week moistened with sensitive, pH-balanced ear cleaner to keep them dry and prevent problems . In addition, check while grooming from sores, rashes, or indications of infection on skin, nose, mouth, and eyes to feet. Eyes should be bright, with no signs of redness or discharge. Your thorough exam every week will assist you in detecting any potential health problems in a timely manner.

Border Collie Children And Other Pets

The Border Collie is a good family dog if he is raised properly and trained young. He is fine with children and other animals, but he will want to herd them, chasing, nipping, and barking. He will try to herd children, especially the little ones, and animals unless his tendency to do so is otherwise directed.

The Border Collie is a good family dog if he is raised properly and trained young. He is fine with children and other animals, but he will want to herd them, chasing, nipping, and barking. He will try to herd children, especially the little ones, and animals unless his tendency to do so is otherwise directed.